Cantus Firmus Mass

   A polyphonic setting of the Roman Catholic mass ordinary prayers using the same cantus firmus as the compositional basis for each one, thus creating a unified fivemovement mass cycle. (An English setting may omit the Kyrie, leaving it to be chanted because its text had been troped.) The cantus firmus may also refer to a particular feast or event for which the mass was composed; its source is usually given after the Latin word for mass, Missa, in the title of the work. The earliest examples, dating from the 1420s or early 1430s in England or northern France, are the {}Missa Alma Redemptoris Mater attributed to Leonel Power and the {}Missa Rex Seculorum attributed to John Dunstable. The technique dominated mass composition in the 15th century and gave way to paraphrase and parody techniques, without disappearing entirely, in the 16th. In England, it remained vital until the Reformation. The entire cantus firmus might be distributed over the three text sections of the Kyrie or repeated several times for the longer texts. In Guillaume Du Fay’s Missa Se La Face Ay Pale, one of the first to use a secular cantus firmus, both Gloria and Credo sound the melody three times in quickening durational proportions of 3:2:1, as in an isorhythmic motet. The melody might also be inverted, transposed, or sung in retrograde.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

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  • Cantus firmus — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda En música, el cantus firmus (en latín, canto fijo ) es una melodía previa que sirve de base de una composición polifónica, y que en ocasiones se escribe aparte para ser tocada en notas de larga duración. El plural de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cantus firmus — Cantus firmus, Кантус фирмус (лат.: заданный, предустановленный, буквально «твёрдый», напев)  мелодия в одном из голосов (чаще всего в теноре[1]) полифонического многоголосия, на основе которого создавалось всё произведение путем… …   Википедия

  • Cantus firmus — In music, a cantus firmus ( fixed song ) is a pre existing melody forming the basis of a polyphonic composition.The plural of this Latin term is canti firmi , though one occasionally sees the corrupt form cantus firmi . The Italian is often used… …   Wikipedia

  • cantus firmus — /kan teuhs ferr meuhs/ 1. the ancient traditional unisonal plainchant of the Christian Church, having its form set and its use prescribed by ecclesiastical tradition. 2. Music. a fixed melody to which other voices are added, typically in… …   Universalium

  • Cantus firmus —         (кбнтус фирмус, лат., букв. сильное, или твёрдое, пение, прочная, неизменная мелодия; итал. canto fermo) в 15 16 вв. тема крупного хорового произв. (иногда только его части), заимствованная композитором из бытующих (светских, духовных)… …   Музыкальная энциклопедия

  • Cantus Firmus — (Lat. fixed chant )    Compositional technique whereby the composer takes a preexisting melody, usually from the traditional repertories of Gregorian or medieval chant, Lutheran chorales, etc., and sets it in long durations (determined by him)… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Mass (music) — The Mass, a form of sacred musical composition, is a choral composition that sets the invariable portions of the Eucharistic liturgy (principally that of the Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion, and the Lutheran Church) to music. Most Masses… …   Wikipedia

  • Mass —    The Roman Catholic name for the celebration of the Eucharist; Lutheran, Anglican, Orthodox, and other traditions refer to essentially similar liturgies with some variant of the Holy Eucharist, Holy Communion, or the divine liturgy. Also, a… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • mass — massedly /mas id lee, mast lee/, adv. /mas/, n. 1. a body of coherent matter, usually of indefinite shape and often of considerable size: a mass of dough. 2. a collection of incoherent particles, parts, or objects regarded as forming one body: a… …   Universalium

  • Mass — /mas/, n. 1. the celebration of the Eucharist. Cf. High Mass, Low Mass. 2. (sometimes l.c.) a musical setting of certain parts of this service, as the Kyrie eleison, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Benedictus, and Agnus Dei. [bef. 900; ME masse, OE… …   Universalium

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